differs from an encyclopedia in that an almanac normally is issued periodically and includes ephemeral data applicable at the time of issue, while an encyclopedia is assembled from accumulated knowledge within a broader scope.

In the Middle Ages various scholars drew up compendiums of knowledge; notable were the Etymologiae of Isidore of Seville Isidore of Seville, Saint, c.560–636, Spanish churchman and encyclopedist, bishop of Seville, Doctor of the Church. The modern type of encyclopedia—with alphabetical arrangement and frequently with bibliographies—is usually said to have been established by John Harris in his Lexicon technicum (1704). Diderot was enormously influential in shaping the rationalistic spirit of the 18th cent...... The first edition of the Encyclopaedia Britannica was published in three volumes (1768–71).

Born of a noble Hispano-Roman family from Cartagena, he spent his youth under the supervision of his brother St...... Perhaps the most renowned of all encyclopedias, the Encyclopédie, was completed in 1772 by Diderot Diderot, Denis, 1713–84, French encyclopedist, philosopher of materialism, and critic of art and literature, b. It grew in size (to 32 volumes) and reputation over the years; despite its name, the encyclopedia has long been edited and published in the United States.

Vincent of Beauvais, c.1190–c.1264, French Dominican friar. He introduced French literature to Italy and wrote, in French, Li livres dou tresor, the first vernacular encyclopedia. In 2012 it announced that its 2010 printing of the 15th edition would be its last print edition.

He was the author of three of the four parts of the Speculum majus, of great value as a summary of the knowledge of his time. The oldest German encyclopedia still being published is Brockhaus' Konversations-Lexikon, first issued from 1796 to 1808.

dictionary,published list, in alphabetical order, of the words of a language.

In monolingual dictionaries the words are explained and defined in the same language; in bilingual dictionaries they are translated into another language......

almanac,originally, a calendar with notations of astronomical and other data.

Almanacs have been known in simple form almost since the invention of writing, for they served to record religious feasts, seasonal changes, and the like......

The part entitled "Morals" is of unknown authorship, but is not by him...... , English scholastic philosopher and scientist, a Franciscan. of Paris and became one of the most celebrated and zealous teachers at Oxford...... On this, rather than on Ephraim Chambers's Cyclopaedia (1st ed.