It was never forgotten entirely though, with local folklore ensuring that stories of the great monument lived on.

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This, together with many records of royal marriages between Hindu and Buddhist nobles, has led academics to believe that there was little serious conflict concerning religion in central Java at this time.

Borobudur lay abandoned and hidden for centuries under layers of volcanic ash and thick jungle growth.

Nobody knows for sure why it was abandoned, although the popular theories are that the local population just became uninterested when there were mass conversions to Islam in the 15th century, or they were simply driven away by a large volcanic eruption.

Borobudur[1] is a Buddhist stupa and temple complex in Central Java, Indonesia dating from the 8th century, and a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

This is one of world's truly great ancient monuments, the single largest Buddhist structure anywhere on earth, and few who visit fail to be taken by both the scale of place, and the remarkable attention to detail that went into the construction.

Set as it is in the heart of the verdant Kedu Plain, the backdrop of mighty active volcanoes only enhances the sense of awe and drama.

There is no definite written record of who built Borobudur or why it was built.

It was likely founded as a religious site in the 8th century at the peak of the Sailendra dynasty in central Java.

The construction is thought to have taken a period of 75 years, and completed in about 825 CE.

The haphazard jumble of Hinduism and Buddhism from this period in Java's history can be baffling for visitors.

Together with the records of many royal marriages between Hindu and Buddhist nobles, many Hindu and Buddhist monuments were constructed in the region at this time.